Differences between Crohns and Colitis

Ulcerative Colitis

  • Large intestine (colon) is typically the only affected site
  • Inflammation is continuous throughout affected areas
  • Pain is common in the lower left part of the abdomen
  • Colon wall is thinner and shows continuous inflammation
  • Mucus lining of large intestine may have ulcers, but they do not extend beyond the inner lining
  • Bleeding from the rectum during bowel movement

Crohns Disease

  • LocationInflammation may occur anywhere along the digestive
  • Inflammation may occur in patches
  • PainPain is commonly experienced in the lower right
  • Colon wall may be thickened and may have a rocky appearance
  • Ulcers along the digestive track are deep and may extend into all layers of the bowel wall
  • Bleeding from the rectum during bowel movements is not common

Symptoms of Crohn’s Disease

  • Abdominal pain, cramping or swelling
  • Anemia
  • Fever
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding
  • Joint pain
  • Malabsorption
  • Persistent or recurrent diarrhea
  • Stomach ulcers
  • Vomiting
  • Weight loss

Symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis

  • Abdominal pain or discomfort
  • Anemia caused by severe bleeding
  • Bloody diarrhea
  • Dehydration
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Joint pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Malabsorption
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Urgent bowel movements
  • Weight loss